The Eight Type Descriptions

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Dr. Jung found that each of the four basic psychological functions can have an introverted or extraverted orientation, depending on where a person's attention is directed: to external objects or to internal interconnections between objects. 

Sensing Extraverted (Se) – physical influence on the objects (items, people) – the conquest

Sensing Introverted (Si) – Ordering of the interconnections between physical objects

Feeling Extraverted (Fe) – Emotional influence on others – the change of mood

Feeling Introverted (Fi) - Ordering of the emotional interconnections

Thinking Extraverted (Te) – Intellectual influence on the objects – the use

Thinking Introverted (Ti) - Ordering of the interconnections between phenomena and facts

Intuiting Extraverted (Ne) – Intuitive influence on the objects – the unleashing of the potential

Intuiting Introverted (Ni) - Ordering of the interconnections between unmanifest objects (inner states, images of unconscious, archetypes)

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● Type Se.

Self image: 

Social role: Decisive PATRON– takes responsibility for others, believes that he should be a patron, a support for others: provides them with financial and material resources, protects them from the dangers of the outside world. 

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● Type Si. 

Self image: 

Social role: Peaceful CAREGIVER – monitors the satisfaction of the physical and everyday needs of others, strives to feed, warm and create comfortable living conditions for everyone, tries to reconcile everyone. ☔️

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● Type Fe. 

Self image: 

Social role: Sociable ALTRUIST – provides emotional support to others, reacts to being addressed, interested in the problems of others, always ready to cheer up and help. 

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Type Fi. 

Self image: 

Social role: Responsible EDUCATOR – takes responsibility for maintaining correct behavior and for moral self-improvement. He tries to correct any flaw in himself and become a moral authority for others. 

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Type Te. 

Self image: 

Social role: Efficient HERO – sets goals and develops algorithms of actions for their achievement in the shortest time, organizes processes that ensure the desired result. He tries to solve quickly any problem, constantly improves his skills. 

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Type Ti

Self image: 

Social role: Cautious KNOW-IT-ALL – wants to find answers to all questions and to play the role of a teacher giving knowledge to others. He dives deep into the study of the issue, organizes and classifies information. 

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Type Ne. 

Self image: 

Social role: Optimistic INVENTOR – sees the diversity of opportunities and people's potential, gives others confidence in their abilities, shows creativity in solving problems, and inspires others with his optimistic vision. 

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● Type Ni. 

Self image: 

Social role: Devoted FORECASTER – thanks to a developed intuition, he is good at assessing prospects of projects and suggests the best time for action. Takes an individual approach to each person, tunes in to him. ✨

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Carl Jung believed that a man identifies himself with his  main psychological function: «Very frequently, indeed as a general rule, a man identifies himself more or less completely with the most favoured, hence the most developed, function. It is this circumstance which gives rise to psychological types».

Source - Carl Gustav Jung "Psychological Types" (1921). Chapter XI. Definitions. 30 - Inferior Function.

«Just as a lion strikes down his enemy or his prey with his fore-paw, in which his strength resides, and not with his tail like the crocodile, so our habitual reactions are normally characterized by the application of our most trustworthy and efficient function; it is an expression of our strength. However, this does not prevent our reacting occasionally in a way that reveals our specific weakness. The predominance of a function leads us to construct or to seek out certain situations while we avoid others, and therefore to have experiences that are peculiar to us and different from those of other people. An intelligent man will make his adaptation to the world through his intelligence, and not in the manner of a sixth-rate pugilist, even though now and then, in a fit of rage, he may make use of his fists. In the struggle for existence and adaptation everyone instinctively uses his most developed function, which thus becomes the criterion of his habitual reactions.»

Source - Carl Gustav Jung. A lecture delivered at the Congress of Swiss Psychiatrists, Zurich, 1928, and published as “Psychologische Typologie” in Seelenprobleme der Gegenwart (Zurich, 1931)

Dr. Jung emphasized: «the most highly differentiated function is the more valued function, because the more conscious, is more completely subordinated to conscious control and purpose, whilst the less conscious, in other words, the partly unconscious inferior functions are subjected to conscious free choice in a much smaller degree.»

Source - Carl Gustav Jung "Psychological Types" (1921). Chapter X. General description of the types. B. The Extraverted Type. (II) The attitude of the unconscious.

«It will now be sufficiently clear that the qualities of the main conscious function, i.e., of the conscious attitude as a whole, are in strict contrast to those of the unconscious attitude…

The conscious attitude is always in the nature of a worldview (Weltanschauung), if it is not explicitly a religion. It is this that makes the type problem so important. The opposition between the types is not merely an external conflict between men, it is the source of endless inner conflicts; the cause not only of external disputes and dislikes, but of nervous ills and psychic suffering.»

Source - Carl Jung "Psychological Types". A lecture delivered by Carl Jung at the International Congress of Education, Territet, Switzerland, 1923.

Last updating 28.04.2022


• Planetary typology in Teachings of Thoth Hermes Trismegistus

• Planetary typology in Homeopathy

• Planetary typology in Steiner pedagogy 1, 2

Planetary typology in Teachings of Thoth Hermes Trismegistus by Manly P. Hall, source

"After the lower nature has returned to the brutishness, the higher struggles again to regain its spiritual estate. It ascends the seven Rings upon which sit the Seven Governors and returns to each their lower powers in this manner: Upon the first ring sits the Moon, and to it is returned the ability to increase and diminish. Upon the second ring sits Mercury, and to it are returned machinations, deceit, and craftiness. Upon the third ring sits Venus, and to it are returned the lusts and passions. Upon the fourth ring sits the Sun, and to this Lord are returned ambitions. Upon the fifth ring sits Mars, and to it are returned rashness and profane boldness. Upon the sixth ring sits Jupiter, and to it are returned the sense of accumulation and riches. And upon the seventh ring sits Saturn, at the Gate of Chaos, and to it are returned falsehood and evil plotting.”

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 ♦ Planetary typology in Homeopathy by LEON VANNIER, source

Dr. Vannier describes eight basic prototypes, named from Greek and Roman divinities with definite individualizing traits. These are Mars, Saturn, Apollo (Sun), Venus, Jupiter, Mercury, Luna, and Terra. Each type is thoroughly described in terms of dominant characteristics, morphology, mind, character, diseases to which they are prone, and changes that commonly occur with age and in specific circumstances.
Dr Vannier makes it clear that no human being is a pure prototype, exhibiting one set of characteristics alone, and that in his view two, three or even four types will be found in one person, either together in varying degree, or else in succession. 

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Planetary typology in Steiner pedagogy 1, sourse
Max Stibbe, in The Seven Soul Types, describes seven predominant dispositions that come forward.

Saturn: Active introvert Ego conscious; serious relationship to life Needs time to work things through Makes a silent impression; Memory and conscience of a group Guardian of original resolutions; Keeps view of original aims Can miss the moment.

• Jupiter: Active balanced; Can see solutions to arguments Decisive; Can be seen as emotionally cool Jovial at times

• Mars: Active extrovert Aggressive, dynamic, wants to tackle everything. Brings life and movement; Takes initiative. Can work through the spoken word. Does not always respect the freedom of others.


Se - Si - Fe - Fi - Te - Ti - Ne - Ni

Translated by Google Translate from Ukrainian language. Correction needed. Source here >>>

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● Type Ne - Escape from pain and the illusion of freedom


Although this belief is most characteristic of Type Ne, anyone can have it.

Type Ne is distinguished by mobility, lightness, an optimistic attitude to life, a broad outlook and a non-standard approach. Outwardly, he looks active and inquisitive, easily meets new people, boldly goes to meet new adventures. Despite this, type Ne are often full of fear, but this fear does not concern the outer world, but the inner one: they are afraid to plunge into their inner world and face their pain, sadness and anxiety. Representatives of type Ne want to believe that they live in a magical world of unlimited possibilities, in which there are no suffering, deprivation, restrictions. They are convinced that contact with their painful experiences should be avoided at all costs.

To avoid meeting their inner world and painful sensations, type Ne uses various methods: distraction, dissipation of attention, switching attention to new things or people, rationalization.

Eight-function model

Aušra Augustinavičiūtė (the founder of Socionics) developed a model of personality called Model A, which includes eight functional positions. Every human has every function, and can perceive and process any available information aspect by them; however, depending on where the function is located in a type's functional ordering, the actual quality of the produced information and the means of its use may vary.


ESFJ (Fe dominant + Si auxiliary)


Model A 

Model G 

John Beebe’s Archetypes


1st – Leading

1st - Managing

1st - Hero/Heroine


2nd - Creative

5th - Demonstrative

2nd - Good Parent


6th - Mobilizing 

4th - Launch

3rd - Puer/Puella


5th – Suggestive

6th - Provocative

4th - Anima/Animus


7th - Observant

8th - Supervising

5th - Opposing Personality


8th - Demonstrative

2nd - Realization

6th - Senex/Witch


4th - Vulnerable

7th - Brake

7th - Trickster


3rd - Role

3rd - Role-playing

8th - Daemon

Model A (Augustinavichiute - the founder of Socionics)

● 1stLeading, program, primary, base, or dominant function. This is the strongest conscious function, and the most utilized function of the psyche. A person's outlook and role in life is largely determined by the nature of this function. One is generally very confident in the use of this function, and may defend it when challenged.

● 2nd - Creative or secondary function, is second in influence only to the dominant function. It assists the dominant function in achieving its essence. One is generally less confident with the use of this function than with his dominant function. As a result, the creative function is sometimes less instrumental when a person is challenged or threatened, or when dealing with new and complex tasks and data.

● 3rd - Role function, is a weak but conscious function. One generally tries to be at least adequate in areas where use of the role function is necessary. However, generally one has very little control or confidence over the role function, and criticism is painfully acknowledged with respect to it. Tactful assistance is required from one's suggestive function to overcome the problems associated with the role function.

● 4th - Vulnerable function, or place of least resistance, is a weak and conscious function, in addition to being the weakest function of the psyche. One painfully perceives his complete inability to use this function, and reacts negatively to its imposition upon him. Tactful assistance is required from one's mobilizing function to overcome the problems associated with this function.

Typology and development

Original text in Ukrainian here >>>

This article is about how each of Jung’s 8 personality types manifests in social life.

Part 1 - Social Roles

Part 2 - Neurotic Roles and Manipulations

Part 1

The Social Roles

The social role is a kind of social portrait of a psychologically mature person of a certain type, who constructively uses his qualities both for his own social adaptation and for the common good. Each of the 8 types is characterized by innate predispositions to a particular activity. A person's strengths resonate with the corresponding demand from society – this is the main condition for the successful realization of a person's vocation and for feeling happy in his or her place.

Each of the eight social roles is a natural consequence of the manifestation of one of eight Jungian psychological functions.

A person's increasing maturation or increasing stress have a significant influence on how the person is expressing his or her type. If a person has a lot of internal conflicts, then a huge part of his or her efforts and energy is spent on these conflicts, so he does not have the strength to realize his potential for good of society and to fulfill a social role. Such a person’s social role is distorted by manipulation and various destructive neurotic games. Each type has his own manipulations.


Decisive PATRON – takes responsibility for others, believes that he should be a patron, a support for others: provides them with financial and material resources, protects them from the dangers of the outside world. 

The role of Patron is activated in situations of physical threat, conflict, physical confrontation. Patron strongly defends his/her people, rushes headlong towards the adversary, stands up for the weak and defenseless, demonstrates physical strength and bravery. He takes indecisive and fearful people under his protection, helping them to act in the physical world, supporting them financially. Satisfied when he receives for this fidelity, subordination of others and recognition of his power and influence.

Under the mask of a strong person, he hides his weakness, sensitivity and dependence on others.

Correlation between Enneagram and Jungian Typology

While studying the Enneagram and Jungian typology, I came to the conclusion that these two typology systems describe the same personality types using different parameters for description.

I want to note that I am writing about Jung's typology, which has 8 types, and not about the MBTI. MBTI is just a small slice of Jungian typology. Jung's typology, in contrast to the MBTI, talks about the nature of neurosis of each type and about the levels of psychological maturity of the types.

Unfortunately, not many people can compare the 9 Enneatypes with the 8 Jungian types, since Jung's 1921 book “Psychological Types” is written in very complex language and there are no modern descriptions of types written in plain understandable language.

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